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Month: April 2020

The Safest Ways to Supplement Calcium for Infants

The Safest Ways to Supplement Calcium for Infants

A calcium deficiency can cause your baby to develop rickets, deformed bones or be vulnerable. Therefore, parents need to have the knowledge to safely and effectively supplement calcium for babies

Calcium plays an important role in a child’s development. This substance contributes to the structure of bones and teeth of the baby’s body. Parents can refer to a few methods below to help children get enough calcium properly.

Signs of infant’s calcium deficiency

If your child has some of the following symptoms, he or she may be calcium deficient:

  • Or fussing, sleeping often startled or not sleeping well. Even babies are crying, cramping, red or purple face and crying does not stop.
  • Babies twist, have milk leaked.
  • Sweating more, especially when sleeping.
  •  Baby with hair loss.
  • Laryngospasm, shortness of breath, hiccups, milk shakes … If severe, breathing can stop, increase heart rate and heart failure.
  • If the infant is severely deficient in calcium, the constriction will be slow, flattened, flat chest, legs shaped like bowls or bowls, teething slowly ….
  • When it is found that children are deficient in calcium, it is best to consult with a pediatrician and nutritionist. Doctors and experts will base on the needs of calcium at the age of the baby to give the appropriate instructions.

Cause children lack calcium

  • Newborn babies are often very vulnerable to calcium deficiency. There are several possible causes of calcium deficiency in children as follows:
  • During childbirth, asphyxiation or hypoxia.
  • Parents do not let their children sunbathe or sunbathe the wrong way.
  • During pregnancy, the mother is pregnant with gestational poisoning or gestational diabetes.
  • Mother diet, diet daily lack calcium.

The dosage of calcium required for infants

Excess calcium intake can lead to a number of negative outcomes such as constipation, bone pain, and kidney calcification. Therefore, parents need to know the calcium needed for infants:

  • For babies 0-6 months: 300mg / day
  • With babies 6-12 months: 400mg / day

Ways of calcium supplementation for babies

Calcium supplementation for newborns through breast milk

All nutrition experts recommend that mothers breastfeed their babies for the first 6 months so that their babies can get the calcium they need. In case the mother does not have enough conditions to breastfeed, she can let the child drink suitable formula rich in calcium.

Nutrition experts are recommending that mothers should breastfeed for the first 6 months so that children are provided the necessary amount of calcium for the body. In case the mother does not have enough conditions to breastfeed, she can let the child drink suitable formula rich in calcium.

Supplement vitamin D with sunbathing

To help children absorb calcium best, supplementing with vitamin D is one of the effective methods. To enhance vitamin D for babies, mothers should sunbath them properly and reasonably. The appropriate time for the baby to sunbathe is from 6-8 am because the infrared and ultraviolet rays at this time are weak. When sunbathing, the mother should also pay attention to shielding the baby, avoiding the baby’s skin is hurt.

Calcium supplementation for babies with food

For children who have started weaning period (many 5-month-old babies have been weaned), mothers can supplement calcium for children through calcium-rich foods such as:

Shrimp, crab, fish


Vegetables shrinkage


Jute vegetables



Note: You need to monitor if your child is allergic to any food to avoid feeding.

Calcium supplementation for newborns with medication

In the case of children with severe calcium deficiency, they will have to take drugs with high calcium content. However, the use of drugs for children requires a doctor’s appointment. Parents absolutely must not arbitrarily buy medicine for children.

Harmful Effects to Infants If Improper Sunbathing

Harmful Effects to Infants If Improper Sunbathing

If parents know how to sunbathe their babies scientifically, they can absorb natural vitamin D extremely well from the sun. On the contrary, the wrong sunbathing can lead to some unwanted effects.

Through regular sunbathing, about 80% of vitamin D will be absorbed into children, limiting rickets, neonatal jaundice.

In addition, sunbathing children also help cure diaper rash because the sun has a bactericidal effect. This is also essential for the baby to develop comprehensively in the body as well as intellect. Although it is relatively simple, not everyone knows the most accurate way to sunbathe children.

The harmful effects of wrong sunbathing for babies

Sun stroke

Because many skin areas absorb the most vitamin D when exposed to sunlight, many people make the mistake of revealing their baby’s head when sunbathing. This is easy for children to have a cold. Especially for newborn babies, the brain part is not complete, the long-term crush will more or less affect the brain, making babies more likely to cry.

Affect eye sight

For babies, the eyes are a very sensitive part. The child’s eyelids are too thin to fully cover the sunlight. Therefore, not properly shielding and protecting children will affect their eyesight due to prolonged or excessive exposure to light.

Skin problems appear

The baby’s skin at birth is relatively young. Any influence from the surrounding environment can greatly harm the child’s skin. According to the pediatrician, when the child is 10 days old, parents should sunbathe the baby. If earlier than that time, the child will probably have skin problems such as dermatitis, skin allergies … In addition, it will also affect the resistance and immune system of the baby.

Sunbathing for babies too long will also damage the delicate skin, sensitive baby.

Suffer from some kind of disease

During the changing seasons, parents should not expose their children to the sun. Because this is a favorable condition for the bacteria to multiply. In addition, the abnormal humidity and temperature will make it difficult for children to adapt, susceptible to diseases such as sore throat, flu, sore eyes, allergies …

Not getting enough vitamin D

If parents let their children sunbathe through the glass, this will not really help. In the sun, UVB rays help to supply vitamins for the body. But this type of ray is largely blocked through the glass window. So even if your baby is exposed to the sun through the window daily, they still won’t get the vitamin D they need

The risk of skin cancer

Not at any time of day can let children sunbathe. If a child is exposed to the sun at the time when the sun is at its highest, there is a risk of skin cancer.

The role of Vitamin D for infants

Vitamin D is important for the absorption of calcium, which helps in growth, development and maintenance of children’s bone health. The deficiency of vitamin D in infants causes many serious problems such as irritation, discomfort and the risk of infection. Even a sudden vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets, leading to bone deformities (especially in the legs).

In the 1940s and 1970s, skin cancer rates began to rise, leading many scientists to warn about the negative effects of sunlight on the skin. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends that instead of sunbathing so that your body can absorb vitamin D from sunlight, supplement this vitamin from your daily diet. To treat jaundice in newborns, health facilities use light-emitting methods that do not encourage parents to sunbathe.

Later, many studies have shown that giving infants a 30-minute sunbath every week helps children get the vitamin D they need. Daily sun exposure also helps with a child’s overall development.

Sunbathing tips for babies properly

How to sunbathe children in the summer

In the summer, the sun is early, the sun is bright and intense, the mother should enlist the baby to sunbathe early to avoid the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays on the young skin of the child and the heat makes the baby hot and uncomfortable. . The ideal time for a baby to sunbathe in the summer is about 6 – 7 am.

Mom should also choose a quiet, clean, cool, sunbathing place to avoid direct sunlight. On hot, hot days, mothers should limit sunbathing to minimize the risk of dehydration when the baby is sweating too much.

How to sunbathe children in the winter

In winter, it’s cold, so moms usually restrict babies from going out because they are afraid of colds, respiratory infections … In addition, the fact that babies wear too many warm clothes when going out also makes the baby’s skin less opportunity of direct sunlight exposure. As a result, your baby is at risk of vitamin D deficiency in the winter.

The winter weather is often cloudy, the weather is cold, the sun rises late but the sunlight is weak. Therefore, you should wait until it is warmer for your baby to sunbathe, usually around 8:30 am to 9:00 pm. On days when the weather is too cold, or when it is windy, mothers should not sunbathe your baby to ensure health.

When the baby sunbathing, the mother should choose a quiet, clean, airy place but no draft. In addition, Mom noted not to let sunlight shine into the baby’s eyes.

Notes when sunbathing children

To be able to sunbathe your baby properly, you need to follow the following notes:

When your baby is about 7-10 days old, she can let her sunbathe.

Time and time without sunbathing for children: In the period of 10 – 16 hours, ultraviolet rays are active, causing bad effects on the skin. Sunbathing time for children not more than 20 minutes / time.

When the child sunbathes, the mother takes off all the clothes, covers the baby’s head, eyes and genital area to avoid the impact of UV rays on these parts.

While your baby is sunbathing, talk to your baby, massage, caress for him to feel comfortable. If your baby needs to breastfeed while sunbathing, and you and your baby are not in public, you can breastfeed your baby too.

Increase the amount of sunbathing time: At first, you can let your baby sunbathe for just a few minutes, then increase to 5-10 minutes. The goal is to let your baby get used to this and not fuss.

Do not sunbathe children through the glass window, because the glass has blocked the sun so they do not absorb vitamin D

Babies with darker skin need a sun bath longer than children with fair skin.

After sunbathing, mothers should breastfeed to compensate for the lost water because they may sweat when sunbathing.

If after sunbathing, your baby’s skin is red or there are any unusual signs, you should stop sunbathing to watch. Take your baby to the doctor for an examination if after a few days his skin condition does not improve.

When Is the Best Time for a Newborn Baby to Bathe3

When Is the Best Time for a Newborn Baby to Bathe?

If the infant is not hygienic, the skin will quickly become dirty, itchy and cause infection. Ensuring proper infant bathing is important. To avoid young children weak resistance to colds, parents need to capture exactly the best time to bathe their children. So when is the best time to bathe babies? Readers let Bao Ha Spa find out the following article.

When Is the Best Time for a Newborn Baby to Bathe1

Bath time for babies

The best time for bathing a child is between 10 and 11 am or 15 to 16 pm. Especially for children who have a habit of taking a bath and then sleeping will be very good. Because this is an extremely ideal form of relaxation for babies, babies will sleep deeply, especially good for physical development and height.

A few notes to keep in mind when bathing a newborn

Baby shower place

Mothers should choose milk-sealed places to avoid direct wind such as bedrooms, bathrooms … Because the newborn’s resistance is quite weak, if the wind drafts directly into the baby’s room, it is easy to get a cold, books nose.

Baby shower room temperature

The best room temperature for newborn baths ranges from 28 degrees C to 29 degrees Celsius. In the summer, moms can adjust the room temperature to 1 to 2 degrees down from 26 degrees or 27 degrees Celsius. Mom also noted that limiting the use of air conditioners in too cold mode or heaters in excess of temperature will cause the baby to be “body heat shock”. By regulating body temperature in the brain of an uninformed infant is very susceptible to heat stroke, dangerous to health.

How long is the bath time for babies?

Bathing babies should not take too long. Only expose your baby to water for 3 to 7 minutes. If the baby stays in the water for too long, it is easy to catch a cold, runny nose due to the infant’s resistance.

When Is the Best Time for a Newborn Baby to Bathe1

How to bath babies properly, science to avoid infection

Prepare before bathing your baby

  • Bathroom: ensure airtight, room temperature 24 degrees Celsius
  • Prepare a small bath towel and a large soft cotton cloth
  • Preparation for baby bath tub: 1 large basin and 1 small basin (large basin used for bathing, small basin used for flushing clean water after bathing)
  • Prepare shower gel / soap for babies: use only for babies, no chemicals, no colorings and preservatives
  • Sterile cotton and cotton swabs
  • Clothing, diapers, diapers, socks, socks, hats NướcWater temperature: ensure 37 degrees C to 38 degrees C

Instructions for proper bathing of babies

  • Take off baby’s clothes and diaper gently. Massage your baby’s body with high-grade essential oil to keep the body warm, avoid jaundice, avoid constipation, stimulate the digestive system, help the baby’s skeletal muscle system be strong …
  • Wash and rinse your baby with baby shampoo specifically designed for babies. Then use a soft cloth to wipe clean.
  • Bathe your baby at a water temperature of 36 to 37 degrees C. Gently clean the limbs – groin armpits – whole body – genitals.
  • Rinse again with clean water.
  • Dry baby, diaper, clothes, socks and apply cajeput essential oil to keep warm.
  • Use gentle cotton swab to clean the nose, ears and eye drops for babies.

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